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May 12 | Daily Current Affairs 2021
Table of Contents
1. In which date celebrated International Nurses day?
a) May 11
b) May 12
c) May 10
d) May 9
e) May 13
Answer: b) May 12
- International Nurses Day is observed around the world on 12 May to commemorate nurses and the nursing profession globally.
- The day also happens to be the birth anniversary of Florence Nightingale, an English nurse who was also a social reformer and a statistician.
- International Nurses Day has been celebrated by the International Council of Nurses (ICN) since 1965.
- Almost twelve years before that, Dorothy Sutherland, an official with the U.S. Department of Health, Education, and Welfare, proposed that the then US President proclaim a ‘Nurses’ Day’.
- However, it was not approved.
- Almost 20 years later, in January 1974, May 12 was chosen as the day to celebrate the birth anniversary of Florence Nightingale.
- Since then, ICN has been preparing and distributing the International Nurses’ Day Kit.
Theme- ”A Voice to Lead- A Vision for future healthcare”.
May 12 – International Nurses Day.
2. Wicket-Keeper, Batsman B J Watling announced retirement in all forms of cricket after the World Test Championship final. He is related to which country?
b) South Africa
d) New Zealand
e) Sri Lanka
Answer: d) New Zealand
- New Zealand wicket-keeper batsman B J Watling on Wednesday announced that he will end his over-decade-long career in all forms of cricket after the World Test Championship final against India next month.
- New Zealand will also play two Tests against hosts England before the WTC final against India in Southampton from June 18.
- The 35-year-old has been a stalwart of the Test side since debuting in 2009 as an opener, going on to establish himself as a world-class keeper-batsman and claiming numerous records in his 73 Tests to date.
- Watling holds the New Zealand Test dismissals record with 249 catches (excluding 10 as a fielder) and eight stumpings – the best numbers of any current Test keepers.
- His bowler-keeper catching combinations with Tim Southee (73), Trent Boult (55) and Neil Wagner (53) occupy the top three spots on the New Zealand record list.
- He has eight Test centuries to his name and New Zealand records for the fourth and fifth highest partnerships — 362 with Brendon McCullum against India at the Basin Reserve in 2014, and 365* with current captain Kane Williamson against Sri Lanka at the same ground a year later.
B J Watling – New Zealand wicket-keeper batsman announces retirement.
3. Assam Litterateur and journalist Homen Borgohain passed away. He won Sahitya Akedemi Award in which year?
Answer: c) 1978
- Eminent Assamese litterateur and journalist Homen Borgohain died at a hospital in Guwahati, following post-COVID complications.
- A prolific author and columnist, Borgohain received the Sahitya Akademi award in 1978 for his book ‘Pita-Putra’ (Father and Son), which he returned in 2015 in protest against the rising religious and social intolerance in the country.
- His autobiographical works include ‘Atmanusandhan’, ‘Mur Sangbadik Jibon’, ‘Dhumuha Aru Ramdhenu’ and ‘Mur Hriday Ekhon Juddhokshetra’.
- He also received the Assam Valley Literary Award, Srimanta Sankardeva Award and the Nilamoni Phukan Award, among others.
Former hockey umpire Ravinder Sodhi dies of COVID-19 complications:
- Former hockey umpire and technical official Ravinder Singh Sodhi died due to coronavirus-related complications at age of 66.
- He had also officiated at the 1988 Indira Gandhi International Hockey Gold Cup in Lucknow.
Homen Borgohain-Assam Litterateur + journalist died.
4. According to Housing.com report which city topped among eight major cities in health infrastructure related parameters?
Answer: e) Pune
- Pune is ranked first while Delhi-NCR is at the lowest position among eight major cities in health infrastructure-related parameters, including several hospital beds, air-water quality, and sanitation, according to a report by Housing.com.
- The real estate portal, which is owned by US-based News Corp and its Australian group firm REA, released its report titled ‘State of Healthcare in India’.
- The report ranks health infrastructure in India’s most urbanized eight cities — Ahmedabad, Bengaluru, Chennai, Delhi-NCR, Hyderabad, Kolkata, Mumbai Metropolitan Region(MMR), and Pune — based on Housing.com’s City Health Card.
- India also has the lowest number of doctors (0.86) per 1,000 people while other major economies have between 2-4 doctors per 1,000 people, it added.
- The top-ranked city Pune also scored significantly high on parameters such as ease of living, water quality, and performance, and sustainable initiatives taken by its local government.
- With nearly 3.2 hospital beds per 1,000 people, Ahmedabad is ranked second in the list.
Bengaluru is ranked third despite a high number of hospital beds per 1,000 people and its top ranking in the ease of living index.
- The city’s score on parameters such as air quality, water quality, and availability, and municipal performance index pulled down its ranking.
- Mumbai Metropolitan Region ranks fourth on Housing.com’s City Health Card, with parameters such as the number of beds, air quality, and liveability pulling its overall score down.
- Hyderabad, Chennai, and Kolkata occupy the fifth, sixth, and seventh positions, respectively.
|4th||Mumbai Metropolitan Region|
Housing.com report-Pune (top) and Delhi-NCR (bottom) of the list.
BANKING AND FINANCE
5. World Bank approves $ US 127 mn grant to improve food security in which country?
e) South Africa
Answer: d) Yemen
- The World Bank Board of Executive Directors today approved a US$100 million grant from the International Development Association (IDA) and a US$27 million grant from the Global Agriculture and Food Security Program (GAFSP) to improve food and nutrition security.
- The new grant will focus on delivering immediate support to beneficiary households through Cash-for-Works (CFW) opportunities and provision of nutritious food products to vulnerable households, as well as building the longer-term resilience of Yemeni households by supporting the restoration of agricultural production and value chain building activities, to increase the sales of nutritious crops, livestock, and fish products.
- In 2021, over 2.25 million children under the age of five are threatened with acute malnutrition; 395,000 of them are expected to suffer from severe acute malnutrition and could die without treatment.
- Integrated Food Security and Nutrition Analysis mark a 16 percent increase in acute malnutrition and a 22 percent increase in severe acute malnutrition among children under five compared to last year’s estimate.
- An additional concern is that more than one million pregnant and breastfeeding women are projected to suffer from acute malnutrition during 2021 in Yemen.
Headquarters: Washington, D.C., United States
Founded – July 1944
President – David Malpass
Capital – Sana’a (De jure)
Currency – Yemeni rial
World Bank – Approves $127mn grant to Yemen.
BUSINESS AND ECONOMY
6. Which foundation partners with GiveIndia to give free oxygen concentrators at doorstep?
a) Tab Cab
Answer: e) Ola
- O2ForIndia, an initiative to provide oxygen concentrators free of cost through Ola app for home-isolated COVID-19 patients was launched.
- Speaking after launching the Ola Foundation – GiveIndia Foundation initiative, Deputy Chief Minister and State COVID task force head C N Ashwath Narayana, said to start with, this service was being implemented at Malleshwaram and Koramangala.
- ”This will be given only for those whose oxygen saturation is below 94.
- This is not required and will not be given for those whose oxygen-level is above 94,”.
- The service is rolled out in Bengaluru with an initial set of 500 oxygen concentrators.
Ola and GiveIndia would scale it up across the country with upto 10,000 concentrators in the coming weeks, Narayana said.
- Those who require oxygen (oxygen saturation below 94) need to log into the Ola app and request for an oxygen concentrator by providing a few basic details.
- Once submitted, the request would be validated and Ola would then pick up the concentrator via one of its cabs with a specially trained driver and bring it to the doorstep of those who placed request within 30 minutes.
- The home-isolated beneficiary shall have to pay a refundable amount of Rs 5,000 per concentrator.
- Once the patient gets better and no longer requires the concentrator, Ola would pick up the device and return it to GiveIndia to give it to the next patient who needs it.
Ola + GiveIndia – To give free oxygen concentrators at doorstep.
7. Yoweri Museveni was sworn in Uganda’s new President in which term?
Answer: d) 6th
- Uganda’s incumbent President Yoweri Museveni was sworn in on Wednesday to serve for the sixth five-year term in office.
- Chief Justice, Alfonse Chigamoy Owiny-Dollo swore in Museveni as the president of the East African country at Kololo Independence Grounds in the capital Kampala.
- Museveni, a 76-year-old leader who came into power in 1986, has won several elections.
Yoweri Museveni – Uganda’s President for the 6th term.
8. Who won the prestigious World Food Prize 2021 for research in developing holistic, nutrition-sensitive approaches?
a) Kumanan Haraksingh Thilsted
b) Ramana Haraksingh Thilsted
c) Shakuntala Haraksingh Thilsted
d) Revathy Haraksingh Thilsted
e) Manava Haraksingh Thilsted
Answer: c) Shakuntala Haraksingh Thilsted
- Dr Shakuntala Haraksingh Thilsted, a global nutrition expert of Indian descent has won the prestigious 2021 World Food Prize for her groundbreaking research in developing holistic, nutrition-sensitive approaches to aquaculture and food systems.
- Thilsted’s trailblazing research on small native fish species in Bangladesh led to the development of nutrition-sensitive approaches to aquatic food systems at all levels, from the farm to food processing to final consumers, resulting in improved diets for millions of the most vulnerable people in Asia and Africa, the World Food Prize.
CSS Corp honored as Gold Stevie Award Winner for Company of the Year in 2021 American Business Awards:
- CSS Corp, a global customer experience and technology services provider, announced that it has won the Gold Stevie Award in the “Company of the Year-Computer Services” category at the 19th Annual American Business Awards.
- CSS Corp bagged this recognition for its strong growth, empathetic employee engagement, innovation and resilience amidst the pandemic over the past 18 months.
- CSS Corp prioritized employees’ safety and wellbeing by transitioning to a 100 percent productive work-from-home model early in the pandemic in March 2020 across its 18 global locations.
- The company’s CHEER framework, developed as a response to the pandemic, has been instrumental in driving high employee morale and positivity.
Shakuntala Haraksingh Thilsted – Won World Food Prize 2021.
9. Rapper and Singer Drake will be honoured with Artist of the Decade award at 2021 Billboard Music Awards. He related to which country?
e) South Africa
Answer: b) Canada
- Canadian rapper and singer Drake will be honoured with Artist of the Decade Award at the 2021 Billboard Music Awards.
- The announcement was made by NBC and Dick Clark Productions in a statement posted on the official website of Billboard Music Awards (BBMA).
- Drake holds the record for the most Billboard Music Awards with 27, reaching this record after taking home 12 awards in 2019.
- Over the past decade he’s also broke several Billboard chart records, including having nine Number One albums and 33 top 10 songs on the Hot 100.
- Drake is also up for seven awards at the 2021 ceremony, including the top artist trophy.
- The organisers had recently announced that singer Pink will receive the Icon Award, honouring record-breaking artists and their impact on music.
- Singer-actor Nick Jonas will host the 2021 edition of the Billboard Music Awards, which are scheduled to take place on May 23.
Canada’s Drake – Artist of the Decade Award at Billboard Music Awards.
10. United Nations projected that the Indian economy will grow how much percentage in the year 2022?
Answer: a) 10.1%
- United Nations has said that India will be the world’s fastest growing major economy in 2022.
- In its mid-year update of the World Economic Situation and Prospects (WESP), United Nations projected that the Indian economy will grow at 10.1 per cent in the calendar year 2022.
- China has been projected to grow at 5.8 per cent, a slowdown from 8.2 per cent in 2021.
- The report said that India will register a 7.5-per cent growth rate in calendar year 2021.
- The mid-year update provides an upward revision for growth projections for India from the UN forecasts released in January.
- UN report-India will be World’s fastest growing economy in 2022.
UN report – Indian economy will grow 10.1% in 2022.
11. PM CARES Fund approves purchase of 1.5 lakh units of SpO2 based oxygen supply system developed by which organization?
Answer: b) DRDO
- PM CARES Fund has granted sanction for procurement of 1,50,000 units of ‘Oxycare’ system developed by Defence Research and Development Organisation (DRDO) at a cost of Rs 322.5 crore.
- The Oxycare system delivers supplemental oxygen based on the SpO2 levels and prevents the person from sinking into a state of Hypoxia, which can be fatal.
- Under this sanction, 1,00,000 manual and 50,000 automatic Oxycare systems along with NRBM (non-rebreather mask) masks are being procured.
- A non-rebreather mask is a device that ensures the delivery of oxygen in emergency situations.
- The system is indigenously developed by the Defence Bio-Engineering and Electro Medical Laboratory (DEBEL) in Bengaluru for soldiers posted at extreme high-altitude areas.
Abbreviation: Defence Research and Development Organisation
Headquarters: New Delhi, Delhi
Chairman: G. Satheesh Reddy
Center – Approve 1.5lakh units of DRDO’s Oxygen supply systems.
12. Government approved how much amount under PLI scheme for promoting ACC battery manufacturing?
a) Rs 17,100 cr
b) Rs 18,100 cr
c) Rs 19,100 cr
d) Rs 13,200 cr
e) Rs 10,100 cr
Answer: b) Rs 18,100 cr
- The government approved the Production Linked Incentive (PLI) scheme for manufacturing advanced chemistry cell (ACC) battery at an estimated outlay of Rs 18,100 crore.
- With the objective to promote the Make in India initiative, the National Programme on Advanced Chemistry Cell (ACC) Battery Storage is expected to attract foreign and domestic investment of Rs 45,000 crore, Information and Broadcasting Minister Prakash Javadekar told reporters after the Cabinet meeting.
- The proposal aims to achieve manufacturing of 50 gigawatts of battery storage, he said, adding, these incentives will be available to those companies having higher production and sales capability.
- ACCs are the new generation of advanced storage technologies that can store electric energy either as electrochemical or as chemical energy and convert it back to electric energy as and when required.
- This is a win-win formula for climate change, green growth, Indian philosophy of Make in India and Atmanirbhar Bharat, Javadekar said, adding it will bring in foreign as well as domestic investment and create more job opportunities.
- The manufacturing of ACCs is expected to facilitate demand for electric vehicles (EVs), which are proven to be significantly less polluting.
Government – Approved Rs 18,100 cr PLI scheme manufacturing ACC battery.
13. Which State Chief Minister announces Rs 25 lakh compensation to 43 doctors families’ who had lost their lives while covid-19 treatment duty?
d) Tamil Nadu
e) Andhra Pradesh
Answer: d) Tamil Nadu
- Tamil Nadu Chief Minister M.K. Stalin announced Rs 25 lakh compensation to the families of 43 doctors who had lost their lives while on Covid-19 patient treatment duty.
- Stalin also announced incentives to those medical service personnel who were involved in treatment of Covid-19 patients.
- As per the incentive scheme for the three months – April, May and June – when the second wave of Covid-19 spread, doctors will be paid Rs 30,000, nurses and trainee doctors Rs 20,000, and others like sanitary workers, people working in CT scan department, ambulance workers Rs 15,000.
- Stalin also extended greeting to the nurses on the International Nurses Day that falls on May 12.
Capital – Chennai
Chief Minister – M K Stalin
Governor – Banwarilal Purohit
M K Stalin – Announces Rs 25 lakh compensation to 43 doctors families’.
14. Which State announces free meals thrice a day for migrant workers and poor at government-run Indira Canteens?
a) Tamil Nadu
b) Andhra Pradesh
Answer: e) Karnataka
- The Karnataka government announced free meals thrice a day for the poor, labourers and migrant workers at the ‘Indira Canteens’ across the state till May 24 during the lockdown-like restrictions to contain the spread of COVID-19.
- In a letter to the Bruhat Bengaluru Mahanagara Palike Chief Commissioner Gaurav Gupta, the Urban Development Department undersecretary N K Lakshmisagar said the poor, labourers and migrant labourers will be given free breakfast, lunch and dinner till May 24.
- The government said Rs 25 crore out of Rs 300 crore released to the BBMP from the Natural Disaster Response Fund should be utilised for the purpose.
Capital – Bengaluru
Chief Minister – B S Yediyurappa
Governor – Vajubhai Vala
Karnataka – To provide free meals trice-a-day at Indira Canteens.
15. Which state/UT’s ‘Yountan Society’ approves Rs 167.25 crore plan for Samagra Shiksha?
a) Jammu & Kashmir
Answer: d) Ladakh
- In Ladakh, the Governing Body of ‘Yountan Society’, the Single Implementing Society (SIS) has approved a 167.25 Crore (One Hundred Sixty-Seven Crore and Twenty-Five Lakh) rupees plan for Samagra Shiksha in the Union Territory.
- AIR correspondent reports that UT Advisor Umang Narula chaired a meeting of the Governing body of ‘Yountan Society’, for Samagra Shiksha in Ladakh.
- The 167.25 Crore rupee annual work plan was submitted to Project Approval Board (PAB-2021) of Ministry of Education for consideration.
- It is also proposed to vocationalize the education in 13 schools, strengthen the vocational education infrastructure in 29 existing Schools and strengthening of DIET and Sports Infrastructure in the schools.
- Before the commencement of academic year, in Nine zones of the UT Ladakh, a mega community campaign on enrolment drive in the catchment area of 27 Higher Secondary Schools and 57 High Schools was conducted.
- 4,500 teachers of Ladakh, have completed training in all the 18 modules in NISHTHA Program on DIKSHA. Similarly, 3600 teachers have attended capacity building training IMPACT’ by the NCERT.
Governor-Radha Krishna Mathur
Ladakh’s Yountan Society – Approves Rs 167.25 cr plan for Samagra Shiksha.