National parks In India State Wise 2022: National parks are the protected areas that preserve the wildlife, flora, fauna, and natural environment from danger. Hunting, poaching, industrial activities, and cultivation are strictly prohibited in the areas where national parks of India are located. National parks of India conserving animals and aim to enhance, or develop the local wildlife or its ecosystem. Faunal, floral, ecological, geomorphological, or zoological association of importance will be protected in the national parks of India with states notified by the state governments. There are 108 existing total national parks of India 2022 covering an area of 44,372.42 km2, which is 1.35% of the geographical area of the country (National Wildlife Database, May. 2022). The first national park in India was Jim Corbett National Park, named after the naturalist Jim Corbett in 1936. India is rich in biodiversity. It comprises about 7.6% mammals, 6.2% reptiles, 12.6% birds, and 6.0% flowering plant species under the Indomalayan ecozone. No one can enter the national parks of India state wise boundary without proper permission and it is a highly conserved area. National parks of India UPSC, SSC, Bank and other competitive exams preparation can be done effectively with the national parks of India list with states added here.
Types of National Parks in India
National parks in India are mainly classified based on these two types. Before getting to know the national parks in India 2022 list, refer to the types of national parks given here.
Terrestrial National Parks: Terrestrial national parks are protected and guided under the care of the government. National parks are areas that aim to protect the natural environment. Terrestrial national parks protect the wildlife and preserve it on land.
Marine National Parks: Marine national parks are designed beside bodies of water, primarily the sea and lakes, to achieve ecological sustainability and promote recreational activities that benefit coastal communities.
National Parks In India State Wise 2022
National Parks In India With States: Present National Parks of India state wise list is added with their area. With this national parks in India list below, aspirants can check the national parks in Assam, national parks in Tamilnadu, national parks in Madhya Pradesh, national parks in Karnataka, national parks of India from west to east, national parks in India total and all other important details. Prepare for national parks in India UPSC, SSC, Bank, Railways and other competitive exams with the new national parks in India 2022 list available.
Latest National Parks In India 2022: State-wise Break Up Of National Parks
National parks in India UPSC, SSC, Bank and other competitive exam preparation can be done right with the national parks in India state wise tabulated below. Area of national parks in India state wise and the number of national parks in India state wise is also available here. Ace the static GK section with the updated national parks in India list added.
National Parks In India With States
|State & UT||No. of National Parks in India state wise 2022||National Parks In India 2022 List||Area (km²)||% of State Area Covered By National parks|
|National Parks In Andhra Pradesh||3||
|National Parks In Arunachal Pradesh||2||
|National Parks In Assam||7||
|National Parks In Bihar||1||
|National Parks In Chhattisgarh||3||
|National Parks In Goa||1||
|National Parks In Gujarat||4||
|National Parks In Haryana||2||
|National Parks In Himachal Pradesh||5||
|National Parks In Jharkhand||1||
|National Parks In Karnataka||5||
|National Parks In Kerala||6||
|National Parks In Madhya Pradesh||11||
|National Parks In Maharashtra||5||
|National Parks In Manipur||2||
|National Parks In Meghalaya||2||
|National Parks In Mizoram||2||
|National Parks In Nagaland||1||
|National Parks In Odisha||2||
|National Parks In Rajasthan||5||
|National Parks In Sikkim||1||
|National Parks In Tamil Nadu||5||
|National Parks In Telangana||3||
|National Parks In Tripura||2||
|National Parks In Uttar Pradesh||1||
|National Parks In Uttarakhand||6||
|National Parks In West Bengal||6||
|National Parks In Andaman & Nicobar||9||
||1,216.95||14.75 Desert National Park|
|National Parks In Jammu & Kashmir||4||
|National Parks In Ladakh||1||
|Total National Parks In India 2022||108||–||44,372.42||1.35|
National Parks In India 2022 PDF
National parks in India 2022 PDF is added below covering the national parks in India state wise list here. National parks provide a haven for wildlife away from civilization. India has currently over 108 national parks distributed across the country, stretching across various biomes. Through the national parks of India PDF 2022, aspirants can gain knowledge of present national parks in India with the area and the percentage area covered by national parks in state wise 2022.
National Parks In India And Their Famous Animals
The national parks in India with their famous animals / birds list is added. The famous national parks in India for the presence of the animals present here state wise is tabulated below. Aspirants making themselves ready for competitive exams can refer to the national parks in India and their famous animals list added below. It gives a familiarity with the national parks in India with states and helps you remember it at ease.
|Animal/Bird||Predominant in Sanctuary/Reserve||State|
|Wild Ass||Rann of Kutch Wild Ass Sanctuary||Gujarat|
|One horned Rhinoceros||Kaziranga National Park||Assam|
|Elephants||Periyar National Park||Kerala|
|Lions||Gir National Park||Gujarat|
|The Great Indian Bustard||Ghatigaon Sanctuary||Madhya Pradesh|
|The Royal Bengal Tiger||Sundarbans National Park||West Bengal|
|Olive Ridley Turtle||Gahirmatha Turtle Sanctuary||Orissa|
|Dolphins||Vikramshila Gangetic Dolphin Sanctuary||Bhagalpur, Bihar|
|Vulture||Ramdevarabetta Vulture Sanctuary||Karnataka|
|Bear||Daroji Bear Sanctuary||Hampi, Karnataka|
|Sangai||Keibul Lamjao National Park||Loktak Lake (Bishnupur), Manipur|
|Jerdon’s Courser||Sri Lankamalleswara Wildlife Sanctuary||Andhra Pradesh|
|Gharial||National Chambal Sanctuary||U.P., Rajasthan and M.P.|
|Grizzled Giant Squirrel||Srivilliputhur Wildlife Sanctuary||Virudhunagar & Madurai, Tamil Nadu|
|Clouded Leopard||Clouded Leopard National Park||Tripura|
|Hoolock Gibbon||Hoollongapar Gibbon Sanctuary||Assam|
|Hangul (Kashmir Stag)||Dachigam Sanctuary||Jammu and Kashmir|
Largest National Parks In India In Terms Of Area Covered
The top 30 largest national parks in India with their area are added here. A National Park is a natural habitat that is dedicated to the conservation of wild animals and other species that are on the brink of extinction.
|Rank||Largest National Parks In India||National Parks In India With Area|
|1||Hemis National Park||4,400 km²|
|2||Desert National Park||3,162 km²|
|3||Gangotri National Park||2,390 km²|
|4||Namdapha National Park||1,985 km²|
|5||Khangchendzonga National Park||1,784 km²|
|6||Guru Ghasidas (Sanjay) National Park||466.7 km²|
|7||Sunderban National Park||1,330 km²|
|8||Indravati (Kutru) National Park||1,258 km²|
|9||Papikonda National Park||1,013 km²|
|10||Kanha National Park||940 km²|
|11||Bandipur National Park||874.2 km²|
|12||Kaziranga National Park||1,090 km²|
|13||Simlipal National Park||2,750 km²|
|14||Rajaji National Park||820.5 km²|
|15||Great Himalayan National Park||1,171 km2 (452 sq mi)|
|16||Khirganga National Park||710 km2|
|17||Pin Valley National Park||675 km²|
|18||Nagarahole (Rajiv Gandhi) National Park||848 km²|
|19||Nanda Devi National Park||630.3 km²|
|20||Kudremukh National Park||600.57 km2|
|21||Satpura National Park||524 km²|
|22||Panna National Park||542.7 km²|
|23||Corbett National Park||1,318 km²|
|24||Manas National Park||950 km²|
|25||Dudhwa National Park||490.3 km2|
|26||Mouling National Park||483 km²|
|27||Govind National Park||958 km²|
|28||Sanjay National Park||466.7 km²|
|29||Bandhavgarh National Park||1,536 km²|
|30||Campbell Bay National Park||426 km2|
Smallest National Parks In India In Terms Of Area
The smallest national parks in India in terms of area are added below. Refer to the smallest national parks in India area wise details given below.
|Rank||Smallest National Parks In India||National Parks In India With Area (km2)|
|1||South Button Island National Park||0.03|
|2||Fossil National Park||0.3|
|4||North Button Island National Park||0.4|
|5||Middle Button Island National Park||0.9|
|6||North Button Island National Park||1.3|
|7||Dinosaur Fossils National Park||1.4|
|8||Pampadum Shola National Park||1.4|
States With Highest National Parks In India
The highest number of national parks located in which state can be identified through the table below. The national parks in India state wise are arranged as per the highest number of national parks.
|Rank||State||Number of National Parks In India State Wise|
|2||Andaman & Nicobar||9|
|13||J&K UT + Ladakh UT||4|
Oldest National Parks In India
The oldest national parks in India as per the year of establishment are added below. Aspirants can get to know more details of national parks in India 2022 by proceeding through the article further.
|Rank||National Parks In India 2022||Year|
Newest National Parks In India
Raimona national park and Dihing Patkai National park in Assam are the newly added national parks of India. Dehing Patkai Wildlife Sanctuary is upgraded to a national park. Raimona National Park is the 6th national park in Assam. It is in the western buffer to the Manas National Park. There are a total of six marine national parks in India. Omkareshwar National Park, MP was added in 2013. Check out the newest national parks in India with the year of establishment.
|1||Dihing Patkai NP||2021|
Must Know Facts About National Parks In India
Some of the interesting and must know facts about the national parks in India are added below.
- First National Park in India – Hailey National Park is the oldest national park in India, now known as Jim Corbett national park
- Floating National Park in India – Keibul Lamjao National Park is a floating national park, located in Manipur
- Highest National Park in India – Hemis National Park
Importance of National Parks in India
National parks are the protected areas notified by the state governments to preserve nature’s area of wilderness. National parks play a significant role in the environment. Here are some of the importance of national parks in India.
- National Parks acts as an conservative site for nature and wildlife..
- National Parks are protected by the government to preserve the natural environment, wildlife, flora, and fauna.
- It also promotes outdoor recreational activities.
- It is important to have national parks as it preserves biodiversity.
National Parks In India Quiz
Here are some of the quiz questions regarding the National Parks in India state wise 2022.
- Raimona NP is located in which state?
- Madhya Pradesh
- West Bengal
Correct Answer: D
- Gir National Park is famous for which animal?
- Clouded Leopard
Correct Answer: A
- Corbett NP was established in which year?
Correct Answer: B
FAQs – National Parks In India 2022
Q. How many national parks are there in India in 2022?
A total of 108 national parks are there in India in 2022.
Q. What is the smallest national park?
South Button Island National Park in the Andaman and Nicobar Islands is the smallest National Park in India.
Q. Which Indian state has no national park?
The State of Punjab has no National Park.
Q. Which is the latest national park in India 2022?
Raimona National Park and Dehing Patkai Wildlife Sanctuary is also under consideration for upgrading to the national park status as the latest national parks in the state of Assam.
Q. Which state has the largest national park?
The largest national park in India is Hemis national park, located in Ladakh and famous for snow leopards.
Q. Which is the first national park in India?
First national park in India is Jim Corbett National Park, in Uttarakhand established in 1936.
Q. Which is the highest national park in India?
Hemis National Park is a high-altitude national park in Ladakh, India.
Q. Which state in India has the highest national park in 2022?
Madhya Pradesh has the highest national parks in India with a total of 11 national parks.