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April 25 | Daily Current Affairs 2021
Table of Contents
1. World Immunization Week is observed on __________?
A) April 23th-29th
B) April 22th-28th
C) April 21th-27th
D) April 24th-27th
E) April 24th-30th
Answer: E) April 24th-30th
- With the theme ‘Vaccines bring us closer’, World Immunization Week 2021 (April 24th-30th) will show how vaccination connects us to the people, goals and moments that matter to us most, helping improve the health of everyone, everywhere throughout life.
World Malaria Day 2021:
- World Malaria Day (WMD) is observed on April 25 every year.
- The day aimed at taking urgent action in the control of the deadly disease.
- Malaria is a life-threatening disease that is caused by the bites of infected mosquitoes.
- It is the Female Anopheles mosquitoes who spread the Plasmodium parasite through their saliva, which causes malaria.
World Malaria Day 2021: Theme:
- The theme of World Malaria Day 2021 is “Reaching the zero-malaria target.”
- The idea of World Malaria Day was developed from Africa Malaria Day.
- The Africa Malaria day is basically an event that has been observed by African governments since 2001, first held in 2008.
- In 2007, at the 60th session of the World Health Assembly, a meeting sponsored by the World Health Organization (WHO) proposed that Africa Malaria Day be changed to World Malaria Day.
- It will help to identify the existence of malaria in countries worldwide and will also help to bring awareness among people globally to fight against malaria.
International Delegate’s Day:
- International Delegate’s Day marks the anniversary of the first day of the San Francisco Conference, also known as the United Nations Conference on International Organization.
- On 25 April 1945, delegates from fifty countries came together for the first time in San Francisco.
- Coming together after the devastation of the second world war, their aim was to set up an organization that would restore world peace and impose rules on the post-war world order.
- 850 delegates took part in this conference, which lasted for two months.
- They represented over eighty per cent of the world’s population, people of every world religion and continent; all determined to set up an organization, which would preserve peace and help build a better world.
- Two months after the first meeting, on 26 June 1945, the Charter of the United Nations was signed by representatives of the 50 countries that attended the conference.
- The agreement resulted in the creation of the United Nations, an organization that now comprises 193 Member States and serves as the main international venue for collective dialogue between the delegates of its Member States.
- Poland, which did not have a government at the time of the conference, signed the charter later, hence bringing up the number of the Founding Member States to 51.
- In its resolution 73/286 from 2 April 2019, the General Assembly recalls the achievement of the San Francisco Conference and proclaims 25 April as International Delegate’s Day.
World Veterinary Day 2021:
- World Veterinary Day is widely observed annually on the last Saturday of April, every year across the world.
- This year, it falls on April 24. With the objective, ‘to provide global leadership for the veterinary profession and promote animal health and welfare and public health, through advocacy, education, and partnership’, World Veterinary Association (WVA) set out with its endeavor.
World Veterinary Day : History:
- In 1863, in Hamburg (Germany), Veterinary College Professor John Gamgee from Edinburgh led the first International Veterinary Congress meeting.
- The agenda of the meeting involved epizootic diseases, their preventive measures and lay out standard rules for cattle trade in Europe.
- This congress came to be addressed as the World Veterinary Congress.
- Eventually, in the 8th World Veterinary Congress, a ‘Permanent Committee’ was created to function as an organizational link between congresses.
- During the 15th Congress in Stockholm, the ‘Permanent Committee’ along with the members realized the requirement of an international organization and constitution.
- As a result of which in 1959, during the very next meeting held in Madrid, Spain, the world witnessed the foundation of the World Veterinary Association (WVA).
- It was in 2001 that WVA came up with the World Veterinary Day.
- WVA now comprises members from more than 70 nations and has national veterinary associations from all over the world.
2. Amit Panghal is related to which sports?
Answer: E) Boxing
- Olympic-bound Indian boxer Amit Panghal (52kg) settled for a bronze medal at the Governor’s Cup in St. Petersburg, Russia after going down to world champion and familiar foe Shakhobidin Zoirov in the semi-finals.
- Amit, a world championship silver-medallist, lost 5-0 to the Uzbek, who is also the reigning Olympic champion.
- This was the Indian’s second loss to Zoirov after the 2019 world championships.
- In that event, he had lost to Zoirov in the finals.
- Zoirov had been upstaged by India’s Asian silver-winning boxer Deepak Kumar in the Strandja Memorial Tournament in Bulgaria earlier this year.
- Amit was the lone Indian to make the medal rounds of the Governor’s Cup after seasoned competitors like Olympic-bound Ashish Kumar (75kg) and Sumit Sangwan (81kg) bowed out early.
- The Haryana lad is being seen as a strong medal contender in Tokyo despite the fact that it would be his maiden Olympic appearance.
- The 23-year-old has been a consistent performer for the past three years, claiming gold medals at the Asian Games and the Asian Championships.
- He also became India’s first world championship finalist in 2019.
Indian boxer Amit Panghal – Bronze at Governor’s Cup in Russia.
3. Mohan M Shantanagoudar passed away. He was related to which field?
Answer: B) Justice
- Supreme Court judge Justice Mohan M Shantanagoudar died at a private hospital in Gurgaon.
- Justice Shantanagoudar was elevated as a judge of the Supreme Court on February 17, 2017.
- He would have remained in office till May 5, 2023.
- He was born on May, 5, 1958, in Karnataka and got himself enrolled as an advocate on September 5, 1980.
- He was appointed as an additional judge of the Karnataka High Court on May 12, 2003, and became a permanent judge in the court in September 2004.
- Later, Justice Shantanagoudar was transferred to the Kerala High Court, where he assumed charge as the acting chief justice on August 1, 2016.
- He became the chief justice of the Kerala High Court on September 22, 2016, before being elevated as an apex court judge.
L Sabaretnam (80), Chairman of Chennai Super Kings passes away:
- L Sabaretnam (80), who served in the cement industry for long and was Director and Chairman of Chennai Super Kings, passed away in Chennai.
- He was Independent Director on the Board of Indian Oil Corporation Ltd & Chennai Petroleum Corporation Ltd.
- He was Advisor for India Cements and Director and CEO of Coromandel Sugars. He also served as Director of ICL Financial Services, ICL Shipping, Coromandel Electric Company, ICL Securities Ltd, among others.
- He was well-known in the business community and was at the helm of leading industry associations such as Madras Chamber of Commerce & Industry.
- With his passion for art and culture, he was also closely associated with the administration of leading cultural and educational bodies.
- He was a Patron of Bharatiya Vidya Bhavan, Music Academy and Kartik Fine Arts. He also served as Trustee of T S Narayanasamy College of Arts & Science and Madhya Kailash Temple and Former Syndicate Member of Annamalai University Chidambaram.
Senior IIS officer Manikant Thakur passes away:
- Senior IIS officer Manikant Thakur passed away following COVID-19 infection. He was admitted in the Safdarjung Hospital, Delhi.
- Mr Thakur was serving as Chief of Media in the Ministry of Health and Family Welfare.
- In his illustrious career of 30 years in IIS, he served in different departments of Ministry of I&B including Bureau of Outreach & Communication, News Services Division of AIR and DD News.
- He held important responsibilities of Head of Reporting in AIR News and DD News.
Senior Officials in the Ministry of Information & Broadcasting, All India Radio News and Doordarshan News along with Press Club of India have condoled the death of Mr Thakur.
Justice Shantanagoudar – Supreme Court judge.
BOOKS AND AUTHORS
4. “The Automobile: An Indian Love Affair” is authored by whom?
A) Sudhan Sen
B) Srini Sen
C) Gautam Sen
D) Mano Sen
E) Karthik Sen
Answer: C) Gautam Sen
- Sayed Haider Raza: The Journey of an Iconic Artist is authored by Yashodhara Dalmia
Underground Asia: Global Revolutionaries and the Assault on Empire is authored by Tim Harper
The Automobile: An Indian Love Affair – Authored by Gautam Sen.
5. Who has appointed as new MD & CEO of NCDEX?
A) Aravind Raste
B) Anbu Raste
C) Bala Raste
D) Arun Raste
E) Saravanan Raste
Answer: D) Arun Raste
- The National Commodity and Derivatives Exchange (NCDEX) said Arun Raste will be its next managing director and CEO for a period of five years.
- Market regulator Securities and Exchange Board of India (SEBI) has given approval to the appointment of Arun Raste as MD and CEO of NCDEX for a period of 5 years.
Arun Raste – New MD & CEO of NCDEX.
SCIENCE AND TECHNOLOGY
6. NASA and SpaceX launched how many astronauts to the International Space Station (ISS), the third crewed mission of the US commercial rocket company in less than a year?
Answer: D) 4
- NASA and SpaceX launched four astronauts to the International Space Station (ISS), the third crewed mission of the US commercial rocket company in less than a year.
- The Crew Dragon spacecraft carrying four astronauts from three countries has safely reached orbit a few minutes after the liftoff from NASA’s Kennedy Space Center, Florida.
- It was the first time that Elon Musk’s SpaceX reused a capsule and a rocket to launch astronauts.
- The spacecraft is due to arrive at the ISS early Saturday following a flight of over 23 hours.
- The four-member team includes US astronauts Shane Kimbrough and
Megan McArthur, France’s Thomas Pesquet, and Japan’s Akihiko Hoshide.
- The Crew-2 mission is the second of six crewed missions NASA and SpaceX will fly as part of the agency’s Commercial Crew Program.
- The Crew-2 members will conduct science and maintenance during a six-month stay aboard the orbiting laboratory and will return no earlier than October 31, according to NASA.
- The launch was postponed for about one day due to unfavourable weather conditions.
ISRO to launch data relay satellite to track Gaganyaan:
- The Indian Space Research Organisation will launch a data relay satellite that will help maintain contact with the Gagangyaan mission throughout after the launch.
- The satellite will be launched before the final leg of the Gaganyaan mission, which will send astronauts to the Lower Earth Orbit (LEO).
- The first leg — the unmanned mission — is to be launched in December.
- The ₹800-crore project has been approved
- The NASA, with a robust human space mission programme, also has its own data relay satellite.
- Its Tracking and Data Relay Satellite allows it to have global coverage of all the satellites round the clock without having to build extra ground stations on Earth.
- The ISRO uses several ground stations spread across the globe — Mauritius, Brunei and Biak, Indonesia.
- Last month, ISRO Chairperson K Sivan had said the space agency was also in talks with the Australian counterpart to have a ground station at the Coco islands for the Gaganyaan mission.
- Earlier this month, the ISRO signed an agreement with French space agency CNES for cooperation for the Gaganyaan, a move that will enable training of Indian flight physicians in French space agency’s facilities.
- Under this agreement, CNES-developed French equipment, tested and still operating aboard the International Space Station, will be made available to Indian crews.
Abbreviation: Indian Space Research Organisation
Headquarters: Bengaluru, Karnataka
Chairman: Kailasavadivoo Sivan
Headquarters: Hawthorne, California, United States of America
Founded: 6 May 2002
CEO: Elon Musk
Abbreviation: The National Aeronautics and Space Administration
Founded: 1 October 1958
Headquarters: Washington, D.C., United States of America
Acting Administrator: Steve Jurczyk
NASA + SpaceX – Launch four astronauts to space station.
7. Which institution has developed an affordable oxygen concentrator to meet high demand of medical oxygen amid a second wave of the coronavirus pandemic?
A) IISER, Bangalore
B) IISER, Hyderabad
C) IISER, Bhopal
D) IISER, Chennai
E) IISER, Kolkata
Answer: C) IISER, Bhopal
- Researchers at the Indian Institute of Science Education and Research (IISER) in Bhopal have developed an affordable oxygen concentrator to meet high demand of medical oxygen amid a second wave of the coronavirus pandemic.
- The device, called ‘Oxycon’, has been developed using the open-source technology and material.
- The device, which is estimated to cost less than ₹20,000, can provide 93-95 per cent pure oxygen with a flow rate of up to 3 litre / minute.
IISER Bhopal – Affordable oxygen concentrator to meet high demand.
8. Which country will join ‘Net Zero Producers Forum’ on climate change?
E) Saudi Arabia
Answer: E) Saudi Arabia
- Saudi Arabia will join United States, Canada, Norway, and Qatar in forming
‘Net Zero Producers Forum’ for oil and gas producers to discuss how they can support the implementation of the Paris Agreement on climate change.
- The state news agency Saudi Press Agency, SPA, yesterday reported that Saudi Arabia, the world’s biggest crude exporter, will be part of the new platform, which will discuss ways to achieve net zero carbon emission targets to limit global warming.
- In the past, Saudi Arabia’s Crown Prince Mohammed bin Salman has said the kingdom aims to reduce its carbon emissions by generating 50% of the country’s energy from renewables by 2030.
- US President Joe Biden unveiled plans to cut emissions by 50%-52% from 2005 levels at the start of a two-day climate summit kicked off on Earth Day and attended virtually by leaders of 40 countries.
Currency: Saudi Riyal
Saudi Arabia – Join ‘Net Zero Producers Forum’ on climate change.
9. Indian, which country Navy bilateral exercise VARUNA-2021 scheduled to be conducted in Arabian Sea?
E) Saudi Arabia
Answer: C) France
- The 19th edition of the Indian and French Navy bilateral exercise VARUNA-2021 is scheduled to be conducted in the Arabian Sea.
- The three-day exercise will see high tempo-naval operations at sea, including advanced air defence and anti-submarine exercises.
- The Units of both the navies will endeavor to enhance and hone their war-fighting skills to demonstrate their ability as an integrated force to promote peace, security and stability in the maritime domain.
- Defence Ministry said, from the Indian Navy’s side, guided missile stealth destroyer INS Kolkata, guided missile frigates INS Tarkash, INS Talwar and Chetak integral helicopters will participate in the exercise.
- The French Navy will be represented by the Aircraft Carrier Charles-de-Gaulle with Rafale-M fighter, E2C Hawkeye aircraft and Command and supply ship Var.
- The Indian side will be led by Rear Admiral Ajay Kochhar, Flag Officer Commanding Western Fleet, while the French side will be led by Rear Admiral Marc Aussedat, Commander Task Force 473.
Indian + French Navy bilateral exercise VARUNA-2021 – Conduct in Arabian Sea.
10. Which state and the Confederation of Indian Industry (CII) has decided to form a Task Force to collaborate on the fight against Covid-19?
B) West Bengal
Answer: E) Karnataka
- In a first its kind initiative, the Government of Karnataka and the Confederation of Indian Industry (CII) has decided to form a Task Force to collaborate on the fight against Covid-19.
CM: B. S. Yeddyurappa
Governor: Vajubhai Vala
Abbreviation: Confederation of Indian Industry
President: Uday Kotak
Headquarters: New Delhi
Karnataka + CII – Set up task force to fight Covid-19.
11. Which armed forces deploys Oxygen Express to Island Territories?
B) Indian Coast Guard
C) Indian Air Force
D) Indian Army
E) Indian Navy
Answer: E) Indian Navy
- As part of the nation’s fight against COVID 19, Indian Navy ships under Headquarters, Southern Naval Command at Kochi are progressing with the mission of OXYGEN EXPRESS.
- in order to render support to the local administration of the Union Territory of Lakshadweep (UTL).
- In the early hours today, 25 Apr 21, INS Sharda, based at Kochi, undertook transfer of essential medical supplies to the capital of UTL, Kavaratti.
- The stores consisted of 35 Oxygen cylinders, Rapid Antigen Detection Test (RADT) kits, Personal Protective Equipment (PPE), masks and other items to fight the COVID 19 pandemic.
- The disembarkation of stores was coordinated by personnel from INS Dweeprakshak at Kavaratti.
- The ship then continued with her mission to the island of Minicoy for disembarkation of Oxygen cylinders and medical supplies.
- Additionally, 41 empty Oxygen cylinders from the islands have been embarked onboard Indian Navy hired vessel, Meghna.
- The vessel is now headed to Kochi for refilling of the empty cylinders and will head back to UTL with filled cylinders soon to ensure that the Oxygen Express continues unabated.
- The operations are being progressed under the supervision of the Naval Officer-in-Charge at Lakshadweep in coordination with the UTL Administration.
- HQSNC has also reserved ten beds including ICU facilities for patients from Lakshadweep at INHS Sanjivani, Kochi to cater for shortages in beds at the islands.
- Also, Naval Air Station INS Garuda has also been placed on alert to extend Naval airfield facilities for UTL helicopters ferrying patients.
- Air Evacuation Pods developed indigenously by the Naval Aircraft Yard, Kochi to airlift COVID-19 patients from the Islands as well as from elsewhere are also being made ready for emergency requirements.
Indian Navy – Oxygen Express to Island Territories.