Government Exams After 12th: Many Indians aspire to secure a government job. Most of them think securing a government job with qualification is less than graduation is not possible. But if you only have a 12th-grade diploma, you can still apply for a variety of government jobs, including stenographer, electrician, and fireman, in the public sector, including SSC, Central and state governments, the railway department, the military, educational institutions, and PSUs. Numerous industries post numerous openings requiring a 12th grade pass. Aspirants can find out about every opening in the various government areas in this post. The most safe and lucrative employment possibilities in India are in the government sector. Because of its various benefits, competitive pay, and high levels of security, the majority of them opt for these positions. However, in order to take the suitable jobs, individuals must pass the government’s competitive exams after completing grade 12. After finishing the 12th standard, they are eligible to take these exams. Aspirants can apply for a variety of government exams after 12th for various positions. Depending on the subjects they have studied, they can decide what their job positions should be. A government job can be secured by aspirants who pass these government exams after 12th. Have a look at the list of government jobs after 12th with details given.

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List Of Government Exams After 12th

These lists of government exams after 12th are the most advantageous government tests for aspirants because they guarantee a reliable, secure, and robust life. Some tests are only for students in the science stream, while others require English or mathematics as a prerequisite. As a result, the eligibility criteria varies from exam to exam. A good government position may be obtained by candidates who pass these tests. The following are the government exams after 12th list.

  • SSC Combined Higher Secondary Level (SSC CHSL)
    • Upper Division Clerk (UDC)
    • Lower Division Clerk (LDC)
    • Postal Assistant (PA)
    • Data Entry Operator (DEO)
    • Sorting Assistant (SA)
  • SSC Multi Tasking Staff (SSC MTS)
  • SSC General Duty Constable (SSC GD Exam)
  • SSC Grade C and Grade D Stenographer (SSC Stenographer)
  • RRB Assistant Loco Pilot (RRB ALP)
  • Railway Group D (RRB/RRC Group D)
  • Indian Army Exam for the post of Technical Entry Scheme, Mahila Constables, Soldiers, Junior Commissioned Officers for Catering
  • Indian Navy Exam for the post of Sailor, Artificer Apprentice and Senior Secondary Recruits (SSR)
  • Security Forces
    • Border Security Force (BSF)
    • Central Reserve Police Force (CRPF)
    • Sashastra Seema Bal (SSB)
    • Indo-Tibetan Border Police Force (ITBP)
    • Central Industrial Security Force (CISF)
  • Indian Coast Guard Exam for the post of Sailors, Technicians, Assistant Commandants and Airmen
  • All India Entrance Exam NDA for Armed Forces (National Defence Academy)

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Staff Selection Commission Exams: Government Exams After 12th

A competitive Combined Higher Secondary Level examination is held by the Staff Selection Commission for a variety of positions in the many offices, departments, and ministries of the Indian government. After passing these exams, individuals can apply for the following positions:

SSC Combined Higher Secondary Level (SSC CHSL)

  • Upper Division Clerk (UDC)
  • Lower Division Clerk (LDC)
  • Postal Assistant (PA)
  • Data Entry Operator (DEO)
  • Sorting Assistant (SA)

Eligibility Criteria

  • Nationality: Candidates must be nationals of India, Nepal, Bhutan
  • Age Limit: Candidates must be between the age group of 18 years to 27 years.
  • Qualifications: Candidates must be a 12th pass or equivalent from a recognised board of a university.

Exam Pattern – Tier 1

SSC CHSL Exam Pattern Tier I
Sections/Subjects Number of Questions each section Maximum Marks Time Duration
General Awareness 25 50 60 minutes (80 Minutes for PwD candidates)
Reasoning/General Intelligence 25 50
English Language (Basic Knowledge) 25 50
Quantitative Aptitude (Basic Arithmetic Skill) 25 50
Total 100 200

SSC CHSL Exam Pattern Tier II

Candidates who qualify Tier I exam are called to appear for SSC CHSL Tier II. The Tier II of SSC CHSL Exam assesses the English/Hindi writing skills of candidates, which is why it is a descriptive type of test. The questions asked in the Tier II paper are based on 10th standard concepts.

The written test of SSC CHSL Tier-II comprises an Essay writing of 200-250 words and Application/Letter writing of 150-200 words. The minimum marks that candidates need to attain in the Tier-II exam is 33%.

The SSC CHSL Tier-II test is of 100 marks and the total time allowed to candidates for completing the test is 60 minutes (80 minutes for candidates who are visually handicapped or suffer from cerebral palsy).

SSC CHSL Exam Pattern Tier III

The SSC CHSL Tier III comprises a couple of skill tests which candidates need to qualify to get selected to certain government posts. The final merit list of candidates selected for the CHSL exam is prepared after this skill test. The skill test for SSC CHSL includes:

  • Typing test for 15 minutes duration in which candidate must have the speed to write 35 words per minute (English Medium) and 30 words per minute (Hindi Medium). 
  • For VH – visually handicapped candidates (40% disabled), 30 minutes is provided for this test.

SSC Stenographer

To hire someone to work as a stenographer in a courtroom or other corporate setting for legal processes, SSC holds stenography exams. He or she types spoken words into a steno machine, a sort of shorthand typewriter, to capture the transcription.

Eligibility Criteria

  • Nationality: Candidates must be nationals of India, Nepal, Bhutan.
  • Educational Qualification: The aspirant must have cleared 10+2 or any equivalent exam from a recognized board.
Age Limit
Position SSC Stenographer Age Limit
Stenographer Grade C 18 to 30
Stenographer Grade D 18 to 27

Exam Pattern

SSC Stenographer Exam Pattern CBT
Stenographer CBT Sections Number of Questions Max Marks
General Awareness 50 50
General Intelligence & Reasoning 50 50
English Language & Comprehension 100 100
Total 200 200

Skill Test – All those candidates who clear the computer-based exam have to appear for the skill test in stenography. The skill test is basically conducted to test the speed of candidates.

SSC GD Constable

The SSC (General Duty) GD exam is used to select candidates for constable positions with the BSF, CISF, ITBP, CRPF, and other armed forces. Candidates may take the exam after completing the 12th grade.

Eligibility Criteria

  • Nationality: Only Indian Candidates can apply for the post.
  • Educational Qualification:The minimum educational qualification to apply for the post of SSC GD exam is 10th pass.
  • Age Limit: Candidates should be in between 18- 23 years.

Selection Process

  1. Computer-Based Examination (CBE)
  2. Physical Efficiency Test (PET)
  3. Physical Standard Test (PST)
  4. Detailed Medical Examination (DME)

SSC MTS (Multi-Tasking Staff): 

To fill numerous non-technical positions in various departments and ministries under the Central Government, SSC issues the SSC MTS Notification. Once a candidate has passed the tenth grade, they are eligible to sit for the SSC MTS exam.

Eligibility Criteria

  • Nationality: A citizen of Indian National
  • Educational Qualification: 10th pass OR equivalent degree from a government recognised institution
  • Age Limit: 18- 25 years Age Group

Selection Process:

The SSC MTS selection process has three stages, which are, Paper-I, Paper-II and Document Verification.

Exam Pattern

SSC MTS Exam Pattern Paper I
Subjects Marks Number Of Questions Total Duration General & PwD Candidates
General English 25 25 General- 90 Minutes

PwD- 120 Minutes

General Awareness 25 25
Quantitative Aptitude 25 25
General Intelligence and Reasoning 25 25
Total 100 100
SSC MTS Exam Pattern Paper II
Subject Marks Total Duration for General & PWD candidates
Short Essay/Letter in English Language or any language included in the 8th Schedule of the Constitution 50 General – 30 minutes

PwD – 40 minutes

Railway Exams: Government Exams After 12th

Assistant Loco Pilot

Post for an assistant locomotive pilot that is open to applications after the 12th grade. This is an extremely significant position that entails helping the train driver.


  • Age Limit: The Assistant Loco Pilot age limit is 18 to 28 years
  • Educational Qualification:
    • Matriculation / SSLC plus ITI from recognized institutions of NCVT/SCVT (OR)
    • Matriculation / SSLC plus Course Completed Act Apprenticeship (OR)
    • 3 years Diploma in Mechanical / Electrical / Electronics / Automobile Engineering (OR)
    • Combination of various streams of these Engineering disciplines from a recognized Institution in lieu of ITI.
  • Nationality: A citizen of India, A subject of Nepal, A subject of Bhutan

Exam Pattern

RRB ALP Exam Maximum no. of Questions Duration
1st stage CBT 75 60 min
2nd stage CBT- PART A 100 90 min
2nd stage CBT- PART B 75 60 min

Railway Group D

To find qualified individuals for various positions like Helper/Assistant Pointsman, Track Maintainer Grade-IV, under Level 1 of the 7th CPC Pay Matrix in various departments of Indian Railways, RRB conducts the RRB Group D test.


  • Nationality: A Citizen of Indian National
  • Age Limit: 18- 33 years Age Group
  • Educational Qualification: 10th pass OR ITI Degree/Diploma from government recognised institution.

Selection Process

  • Computer Based Test (CBT-1)
  • Physical Efficiency Test (PET)
  • Document Verification
  • Medical Examination

Exam Pattern

RRB Group D Exam Pattern – CBT Highlights
RRB Group D Subjects Number of questions in each section Time duration
General Science 25 90 minutes
General Intelligence & Reasoning  30
Mathematics  25
General Awareness & Current Affairs 20
Total 100 questions 1 hour 30 minutes

Railway Clerks

A Train Clerk’s duties also include generating train documentation like Vehicle Guidance (VG), counting the number of wagons and coaches in the railway yard, feeding this data onto terminals on the railway network, and other related tasks.

Railway Constables

Constables for the railways are responsible for upholding law and order on railroad property. Candidates may apply for this position after completing grade 12, and their duties would include patrolling during all travel to look out for questionable behaviour.

Defense Exams: Government Exams After 12th

National Defense Academy / Naval Academy Exam


  • Nationality: A Citizen of Indian National
  • Age Limit: Upper Age – 18.7 years, Lower Age – 15.7 years
  • Educational Qualification
    • Army Wing – Pass certificate in 10+2 exam
    • For Air Force and Naval Wings – Passing Certification of Class 12th exam with Physics and Mathematics.

Selection Process

NDA selection process is divided into two stages-

  1. Written Examination
  2. SSB Interview

Exam Pattern

NDA Exam Pattern – Written Exams
NDA Written Exams Subject Maximum marks Number of Questions Duration
Paper 1 Mathematics 300 120 2 hrs 30 mins
Paper 2 GAT 600 150 2 hrs 30 mins
Total 900 270 5 hours

Indian Coast Guard Security Examinations

Candidates who are passionate about working for the Indian Navy are subjected to security examinations by the Indian Coast Guard.

Age Limit

  • The limit of age is from 18 years to 22 years.

FAQs – Government Exams After 12th

Q. What are the government exams that individuals can attend after passing from 12th Grade?

After completing their 12th grade education, candidates can apply for a number of government examinations, including the RRB ALP, SSC CHSL, SSC MTS, SSC Stenographer, SSC GD, Indian Coast Guard, etc.

Q. Where can I find the continuous updates of government jobs after 12th?

Aspirants can refer to the updated details of government jobs after 12th in this article.

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